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Table 2 Career sector and specialty intentions of MD, MD-RI or MD/PhD trainees

From: Exploring intentions of physician-scientist trainees: factors influencing MD and MD/PhD interest in research careers

  Total, n (% of 1103) MD/PhD, n (% of 226) MD-RI,
n (% of 184)
MD, n (% of 693) P value
Sectora
 Academia 845 (76.6%) 213 (94.2%) 162 (88.0%) 470 (67.8%) <.001
 Private practice 490 (44.4%) 40 (17.7%) 72 (39.1%) 378 (54.5%) <.001
 Consulting 166 (15.0%) 50 (22.1%) 28 (15.2%) 88 (12.7%) <.01
 Industry 143 (13.0%) 58 (25.7%) 18 (9.8%) 67 (9.7%) <.001
Career Intentiona      
 Clinical duties 870 (78.9%) 172 (76.1%) 151 (82.1%) 547 (78.9%) >.05
 Education 660 (59.8%) 143 (63.3%) 128 (69.6%) 389 (56.1%) <.01
 Clinical research 534 (48.4%) 84 (37.2%) 124 (67.4%) 326 (47.0%) <.001
 Translational research 323 (29.3%) 154 (68.1%) 72 (39.1%) 97 (14.0%) <.001
 Advocacy 308 (27.9%) 44 (19.5%) 63 (34.2%) 201 (29.0%) <.01
 Administration 252 (22.8%) 55 (24.3%) 57 (31.0%) 140 (20.2%) <.01
 Basic research 188 (17.0%) 134 (59.3%) 27 (14.7%) 27 (3.9%) <.001
Specialtyb      
 Allergy and Immunology 14 (1.3%) 8 (3.5%) 4 (2.2%) 2 (.03%) <.001 c
 Anesthesiology 77 (7.0%) 16 (7.1%) 9 (4.9%) 52 (7.5%) >.05
 Colon and Rectal Surgery 2 (0.2%) 0 (−-) 1 (0.5%) 1 (0.1%) >.05c
 Dermatology 68 (6.2%) 19 (8.4%) 12 (6.5%) 37 (5.3%) >.05
 Emergency Medicine 160 (14.5%) 15 (6.6%) 31 (16.8%) 114 (16.5%) <.001
 Family Medicine 96 (8.7%) 2 (0.9%) 14 (7.6%) 80 (11.5%) <.001
 Internal Medicine 435 (39.4%) 107 (47.3%) 82 (44.6%) 246 (35.5%) <.01
 Medical Genetics 13 (1.2%) 9 (4.0%) 1 (0.5%) 3 (0.4%) <.001
 Neurological Surgery 17 (1.5%) 0 (−-) 5 (2.7%) 12 (1.7%) <.05 c
 Neurology 88 (8.0%) 41 (18.1%) 13 (7.1%) 34 (4.9%) <.001
 Nuclear Medicine 1 (0.1%) 0 (−-) 0 (−-) 1 (0.1%) >.05c
 Obstetrics and Gynecology 73 (6.6%) 7 (3.1%) 15 (8.2%) 51 (7.4%) >.05
 Ophthalmology 56 (5.1%) 14 (6.2%) 10 (5.4%) 32 (4.6%) >.05
 Orthopaedic Surgery 61 (5.5%) 5 (2.2%) 12 (6.5%) 44 (6.3%) <.05
 Otolaryngology 33 (3.0%) 1 (0.4%) 7 (3.8%) 25 (3.6) <.05
 Pathology 56 (5.1%) 45 (19.9%) 2 (1.1%) 9 (1.3%) <.001
 Pediatrics 220 (19.9%) 46 (20.4%) 33 (17.9%) 141 (20.3%) >.05
 Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 11 (1.0%) 1 (0.4%) 2 (1.1%) 8 (1.2%) >.05c
 Plastic Surgery 31 (2.8%) 5 (2.2%) 6 (3.3%) 20 (2.9%) >.05
 Preventative Medicine 16 (1.5%) 0 (−-) 6 (3.3%) 10 (1.4%) <.05 c
 Psychiatry 69 (6.3%) 20 (8.8%) 14 (7.6%) 35 (5.1%) >.05
 Radiation Oncology 36 (3.3%) 15 (6.6%) 11 (6.0%) 10 (1.4%) <.001
 Radiology 77 (7.0%) 19 (8.4%) 20 (10.9%) 38 (5.5%) <.05
 Surgery 120 (10.9%) 8 (3.5%) 21 (11.4%) 91 (13.1%) <.001
 Thoracic Surgery 14 (1.3%) 0 (−-) 1 (0.5%) 13 (1.9%) >.05c
 Urology 29 (2.6%) 5 (2.2%) 7 (3.8%) 17 (2.5%) >.05
  1. aRespondents could select all applicable choices, will not sum to 100%
  2. bRespondents could select up to TWO choices, will not sum to 100%
  3. cFisher's Exact calculated due to minimum cell count violations
  4. bolded are statistically significant