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Table 4 Consensus-based intended learning outcomes of the course

From: Development of consensus-based aims, contents, intended learning outcomes, teaching, and evaluation methods for a history of medicine and pharmacy course for medical and pharmacy students in the Arab world: a Delphi study

   Round 1 Round 2
# Outcome Median Q3 Q1 IQR Median Q3 Q1 IQR
1 Describe the evolution of understanding, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases across successive civilizations. 5.5 7.0 5.0 2.0 7.0 8.0 7.0 1.0
2 Describe the role of fossils in explaining diseases and abnormalities in early man. 6.0 7.0 3.5 3.5 8.0 8.8 7.0 1.8
3 Explain the different tools used by healers to diagnose and treat diseases in early civilizations. 8.0 8.8 7.0 1.8 na na na na
4 Evaluate the importance of early discoveries in medicine and pharmacy. 7.0 8.0 7.0 1.0 na na na na
5 Reflect on the significance of shaman healers in prehistoric civilizations and their connection to healthcare in the contemporary era. 6.0 7.0 5.0 2.0 8.0 8.0 7.0 1.0
6 Recognize the most important contributions of the Ancient Chinese, Indians, Greeks, Romans, and Muslims to medicine and pharmacy and their impact on standardizing Western medicine and pharmacy practice today. 7.5 8.0 7.0 1.0 na na na na
7 Discuss how some civilizations built upon the achievements of other civilizations in the field of medicine and pharmacy. 7.0 8.8 7.0 1.8 na na na na
8 Recognize prominent individuals who contributed to the advancement of medicine and pharmacy. 8.0 8.0 7.0 1.0 na na na na
9 Explain why there was a need to separate pharmacy from medicine. 7.0 8.0 5.0 3.0 7.0 7.0 7.0 0.0
10 Describe key features of early pharmacy in the Muslim civilization. 7.0 8.0 7.0 1.0 na na na na
11 Discuss the achievements of Muslim scholars in the fields of medicine and pharmacy. 7.0 8.0 6.3 1.8 na na na na
12 Describe the evolution of pharmaceutical industry. 7.0 8.0 7.0 1.0 na na na na
13 Discuss the history of some diseases and medications used in their treatment today. 7.5 8.0 7.0 1.0 na na na na