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Table 3 Summary of principal component analysis with direct oblimin rotation for the 34-item modified MSLQ on combined MD and MBBS groups (n = 554)

From: Measuring medical students’ reflection on their learning: modification and validation of the motivated strategies for learning questionnaire (MSLQ)

Item Pattern matrix
SR SO CT FS
7 When I become confused about something I’m reading for this course, I go back and try to sort it out .742 −.055 −.045 .027
2 When studying for this course, I try to determine which concepts I don’t understand well .677 .016 .020 −.022
15 Even if I have trouble learning the material in this course I try to work things out for myself −.630 .129 .056 .058
6 The most satisfying thing for me in this course is reaching an understanding of the content as thoroughly as possible .590 −.067 .025 .003
19 If I get confused taking notes or learning clinical skills in the course, I make sure I sort it out afterwards .573 −.146 −.119 .174
31 When studying for this course, I try to think through a topic and decide what I am supposed to learn from it rather than just reading it over .438 −.049 .185 .233
1 In this course, I am more interested in understanding the material than getting a good grade .358 .083 .295 −.152
23 If course materials are difficult to understand, I read them in a different way .336 −.042 .257 .192
14 Before I study new course material thoroughly, I often skim it to see how it is organized .310 .191 .291 .164
10 I’m confident I can do well on the assessment in this course −.092 −.837 .020 .085
21 I believe I will receive an excellent grade in this course −.193 −.822 .057 .117
34 I expect to do well in this course .014 −.783 −.112 .133
26 I’m confident I can understand the most complex material presented by the teachers in this course .062 −.752 .181 −.089
30 I’m certain I can master the skills being taught in this course .220 −.691 −.033 −.015
5 I’m confident I understand the most difficult learning material presented in this course .063 −.653 .167 −.053
18 I’m confident I can learn the basic concepts taught in this course .403 −.525 −.131 −.048
20 In a course like this, I prefer material that really challenges me so I can learn new things .095 −.421 .385 −.049
9 In a course like this, I prefer material that arouses my curiosity, even if it is difficult to learn .115 −.350 .327 −.128
17 When a theory, interpretation, or conclusion is presented in the course, I try to find if there is good supporting evidence −.126 .009 .693 .109
29 Whenever I read or hear an assertion or conclusion in this course, I think about possible alternatives −.045 −.146 .691 .035
25 I try to play around with ideas of my own related to what I am learning in this course −.047 −.173 .634 .093
3 I often find myself questioning things I hear or read in this course to decide if I find them convincing .041 −.035 .581 −.107
8 I treat the learning material as a starting point and try to develop my own ideas about it .217 −.093 .514 −.069
24 When reading for this course, I generate questions to help focus my reading .077 .025 .563 .335
32 I try to work with other students from this course to complete the course assignments −.089 −.015 −.065 .764
22 When I can’t understand the material in this course, I ask another student in this course for help .145 .002 −.129 .671
27 I try to identify students in this course whom I can ask for help if necessary −.019 −.037 −.049 .660
16 When studying for this course, I often set aside time to discuss course material with a group −.150 .019 .134 .636
33 When I study for this course, I set goals for myself in order to direct my activities in each study period .309 −.045 .028 .423
11 When studying for this course, I often try to explain the material to a classmate or a friend −.072 −.238 .173 .418
12 I ask myself questions to make sure I understand the material I have been studying in this course .185 .006 .371 .395
28 I try to change the way I study in order to fit the course requirements .291 .055 −.088 .407
4 During teaching sessions I often miss important points because I’m thinking of other things .141 −.227 −.238 .014
13 I ask the teacher to clarify concepts which I don’t understand well .089 .007 .206 .289
Eigenvalues 7.415 3.071 2.323 1.963
% of variance 21.810 9.034 6.832 5.772
  1. SR self-regulation, SO self-orientation, CT critical thinking, FS feedback seeking