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Table 1 Modifications of MSLQ selected items

From: Measuring medical students’ reflection on their learning: modification and validation of the motivated strategies for learning questionnaire (MSLQ)

Original item Modified item
When a theory, interpretation, or conclusion is presented in class or in the readings, I try to decide if there is good supporting evidence When a theory, interpretation, or conclusion is presented in the course or in the materials, I try to decide if there is good supporting evidence
Whenever I read or hear an assertion or conclusion in this class, I think about possible alternatives Whenever I read or hear an assertion or conclusion in this course, I think about possible alternatives
Even if I have trouble learning the material in this class I try to do the work on my own, without help from anyone Even if I have trouble learning the material in this course I try to do the work on my own.
I ask the instructor to clarify concepts I don’t understand well I ask the teacher to clarify concepts I don’t understand well
When I can’t understand the material in this course, I ask another student in this class for help When I can’t understand the material in this course, I ask another student in this course for help
I try to identify students in this class whom I can ask for help if necessary I try to identify students in this course whom I can ask for help if necessary
During class time I often miss important points because I’m thinking of other things During course time I often miss important points because I’m thinking of other things
When I become confused about something I’m reading for this class, I go back and try to figure it out When I become confused about something I’m reading for this course, I go back and try to figure it out
If course readings are difficult to understand, I change the way I read the material If course materials are difficult to understand, I change the way I read them
I ask myself questions to make sure I understand the material I have been studying in this class I ask myself questions to make sure I understand the material I have been studying in this course
I try to change the way I study in order to fit the course requirements and the instructor’s teaching style I try to change the way I study in order to fit the course requirements
I often find that I have been reading for this class but don’t know what it was all about I often find that I have been reading and practicing for this course but don’t know what it was all about
When I study for this class, I set goals for myself in order to direct my activities in each study period When I study for this course, I set goals for myself in order to direct my activities in each study period
If I get confused taking notes in class, I make sure I sort it out afterwards If I get confused taking notes or practicing in the course, I make sure I sort it out afterwards
I believe I will receive an excellent grade in this class I believe I will receive an excellent grade in this course
I’m certain I can understand the most difficult material presented in the readings for the course I’m certain I can understand the most difficult material presented in the written materials of the course
I’m confident I can understand the most complex material presented by the instructor in this course I’m confident I can understand the most complex material presented by the tutor in this course
I expect to do well in this class I expect to do well in this course
I’m certain I can master the skills being taught in this class I’m certain I can master the skills being taught in this course
Considering the difficulty of this course, the teacher, and my skills, I think I will do well in this class Considering the difficulty of this course, the teacher, and my skills, I think I will do well in this course
In a class like this, I prefer course material that really challenges me so I can learn new things. In a subject like this, I prefer material that really challenges me so I can learn new things
In a class like this, I prefer course material that arouses my curiosity, even if it is difficult to learn. In a subject like this, I prefer material that arouses my curiosity, even if it is difficult to learn
When I have the opportunity in this class, I choose course assignments that I can learn from even if they don’t guarantee a good grade. In this subject, I am more interested in understanding the material than getting a good grade
  1. Sentences or words in italic were the modifications