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Table 4 Suggested implications for attending physicians in EOL care to promote residents’ experiential learning

From: What do Japanese residents learn from treating dying patients? The implications for training in end-of-life care

Attending physicians in EOL care should…
1 Teach residents skills to handle uncertainty, contradictions, and limitations in medicine
2 Establish an explicit learning opportunity that allows residents to communicate with multidisciplinary team members
3 Recognize that they themselves are viewed as role models
4 Pay attention to residents’ emotional status and offer words of affirmation
5 Take various approaches to promoting residents’ deep reflection on their experiences
6 Respect the autonomy of residents and share responsibilities to develop their professional identity
  1. EOL end-of-life