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Table 4 Multiple linear regression model for “Self-perceived research competence”-score

From: Research involvement among undergraduate health sciences students: a cross-sectional study

Variables B SE 95% CI Sig.
Intercept 59.12 0.97 57.22 61.02 <0.001
Discipline
 DT (vs. MB,ChB) 4.94 1.18 2.62 7.26 <0.001
 OT (vs. MB,ChB) 3.10 0.97 1.21 5.00 <0.001
 PT (vs. MB,ChB) 4.83 0.83 3.20 6.46 <0.001
 SLHT (vs. MB,ChB) 11.12 1.62 7.94 14.30 <0.001
Academic performance
  < 60% (vs. ≥75%) −3.04 0.79 −4.59 −1.50 <0.001
 60-74% (vs. ≥75%) −1.57 0.63 −2.80 −0.34 0.01
Gender
 Male (vs. female) 2.93 0.58 1.79 4.08 <0.001
Home Language
 Afrikaans (vs. English) −0.65 0.56 −1.75 0.46 0.25
 Other Southern-African languagea (vs. English) 1.57 0.85 −0.10 3.23 0.07
 Afrikaans AND Englishb (vs. English only) 5.38 2.51 0.47 10.29 0.03
 Otherc (vs. English) −0.96 1.70 −4.29 2.37 0.57
Previous BSc. experience
  ≥ 1 years (vs. none) 1.50 0.66 0.22 2.79 0.02
Previous or current voluntary research involvement
 Yes (vs. none) 5.05 0.70 3.68 6.42 <0.001
Previous curricular research experience
 Yes (vs. none) 1.20 0.51 0.21 2.20 0.02
  1. B Regression coefficient, SE Standard Error (of B), DT Dietetics, OT Occupational therapy, PT Physiotherapy/Physical therapy, SLHT Speech, language and hearing therapy,. MB,ChB Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MD/MBBS equivalent)
  2. aIncludes Xhosa, Zulu, Tswana, Northern Sotho/Sepedi, Venda, Tsonga, SiSwati, Ndebele, Zemba (Namibia), Shona (Zimbabwe)
  3. bParticipants that indicated a dual home-language (n = 18)
  4. cIncludes German, French, Mandarin, Dutch, Burmese, Portugese, Igbo (Nigeria)