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Table 2 Demographic characteristics

From: Research involvement among undergraduate health sciences students: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic n % (out of 1815)
Sex
 Male 463 25.6
 Female 1339 73.8
 Not given 13 0.6
Discipline
 MB,ChB 1357 74.8
 Dietetics 86 4.7
 Occupational Therapy 136 7.5
 Physiotherapy 190 10.5
 Speech, language, hearing therapy 46 2.5
Average academic performance
 <60% 339 18.7
 60-74% 1039 57.2
 ≥75% 387 21.3
 Not given 50 2.8
EDP student (current or previous)a
 Yes 314 17.3
 No 1414 77.9
 Not given 87 4.8
Home language
 Afrikaans 625 34.4
 English 829 45.7
 Afrikaans and English 18 1.0
 Other Southern-African languageb 193 10.6
 Otherc 40 2.2
 Not given 110 6.1
Previous years completed in other science degree
 No previous science degree 1446 79.7
 ≥1 year(s) 323 17.8
 Not given 46 2.5
School-going environmentd
 Urban 1472 81.1
 Rural 336 18.5
 Not given 7 0.4
Parents working in research-settingse
 None 1553 85.6
 One 202 11.1
 Both 43 2.4
 Not given 17 0.9
  1. aEDP (Extended Degree Programme): A faculty intervention which lengthens the six-year MB,ChB programme to 7 years and the 4 year programmes to 5 years. This extends the first year over 2 years, with additional courses to prepare the student for the remainder of the mainstream-programme
  2. bIncludes Xhosa, Zulu, Tswana, Northern Sotho/Sepedi, Venda, Tsonga, SiSwati, Ndebele, Zemba (Namibia), Shona (Zimbabwe)
  3. cIncludes German, French, Mandarin, Dutch, Burmese, Portugese, Igbo (Nigeria)
  4. dRespondents were asked if they had attended primary or secondary school in a rural or urban environment (as two separate questions). If a respondent indicated at least one as rural (e.g. either primary or secondary or both), they would be categorised as “rural” for the purposes of analysis
  5. eRespondents were asked if their parents worked in medical or non-medical research settings: tertiary hospitals, laboratory positions, university staff, etc. (either none, one, or both parents as options)