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Table 4 Perceptions of Feasibility and Mentoring by MD, MD-RI or MD/PhD

From: Exploring intentions of physician-scientist trainees: factors influencing MD and MD/PhD interest in research careers

  Total, n (%) MD/PhD, n (%) MD-RI, n (%) MD, n (%) P value
How feasible is a research intense career in acute care medicine specialties? < 0.001
 Highly feasible 97 (9.6%) 25 (11.6%) 25 (13.6%) 47 (7.7%)  
 Feasible 352 (35.0%) 52 (24.2%) 69 (37.5%) 231 (38.0%)  
 Difficult 384 (38.1%) 81 (37.7%) 65 (35.3%) 238 (39.1%)  
 Highly difficult 159 (15.8%) 53 (24.7%) 22 (12.0%) 84 (13.8%)  
 Impossible 15 (1.5%) 4 (1.9%) 3 (1.6%) 8 (1.3%)  
TOTAL 1007 (100%) 215 (100%) 184 (100%) 608 (100%)  
How feasible is a research intense career in surgical specialties? < 0.001
 Highly feasible 73 (7.2%) 2 (0.9%) 21 (11.4%) 50 (8.2%)  
 Feasible 309 (30.7%) 29 (13.5%) 65 (35.3%) 215 (35.3%)  
 Difficult 347 (34.4%) 59 (27.4%) 62 (33.7%) 226 (37.1%)  
 Highly difficult 241 (23.9%) 110 (51.2%) 33 (17.9%) 98 (16.1%)  
 Impossible 38 (3.8%) 15 (7.0%) 3 (1.6%) 20 (3.3%)  
TOTAL 1008 (100%) 215 (100%) 184 (100%) 609 (100%)  
Can you currently identify a mentor(s) who has helped you progress toward &/or achieve your career goals? < 0.001
 Yes 732 (73.6%) 196 (89.5%) 134 (74.4%) 402 (67.4%)  
 No 263 (26.4%) 23 (10.5%) 46 (25.6%) 194 (32.6%)  
TOTAL 995 (100%) 219 (100%) 180 (100%) 596 (100%)  
How important has mentorship been in your training thus far? <.001 a
 Very important 328 (44.9%) 118 (60.5%) 67 (50.0%) 143 (35.6%)  
 Somewhat important 361 (49.4%) 73 (37.4%) 65 (48.5%) 223 (55.5%)  
 Not very important 40 (5.5%) 4 (2.1%) 2 (1.5%) 34 (8.5%)  
 Not at all important 2 (0.3%) 0 (−-) 0 (−-) 2 (0.5%)  
TOTAL 731 (100%) 195 (100%) 134 (100%) 402 (100%)  
How much importance is given to talents/accomplishments when recruiting applicants for jobs and/or positions in science and medicine? >.05
 A great deal of importance 330 (33.1%) 89 (40.8%) 61 (33.7%) 180 (30.2%)  
 A lot of importance 487 (48.9%) 98 (45.0%) 82 (45.3%) 307 (51.4%)  
 Moderate amount of importance 162 (16.3%) 29 (13.3%) 33 (18.2%) 100 (16.8%)  
 Little importance 14 (1.4%) 2 (0.9%) 3 (1.7%) 9 (1.5%)  
 None at all 3 (0.3%) 0 (−-) 2 (1.1%) 1 (0.2%)  
TOTAL 996 (100%) 218 (100%) 181 (100%) 597 (100%)  
How much importance is given to connections/networking when recruiting applicants for jobs and/or positions in science and medicine? >.05
 A great deal of importance 301 (30.2%) 73 (33.3%) 59 (32.8%) 169 (28.3%)  
 A lot of importance 388 (39.0%) 81 (37.0%) 71 (39.4%) 236 (39.5%)  
 Moderate amount of importance 267 (26.8%) 54 (24.7%) 41 (22.8%) 172 (28.8%)  
 Little importance 40 (4.0%) 11 (5.0%) 9 (5.0%) 20 (3.4%)  
TOTAL 996 (100%) 219 (100%) 180 (100%) 597 (100%)  
  1. a Fisher’s Exact calculated due to minimum cell count violations
  2. bolded are statistically significant