Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic Characteristics of Respondents by MD, MD-RI, or MD/PhD

From: Exploring intentions of physician-scientist trainees: factors influencing MD and MD/PhD interest in research careers

Demographic Total, n (%) MD/PhD, n (%) MD-RI,
n (%)
MD, n (%) P value
Gender      >.05
 Female 548 (51.7%) 107 (47.6%) 99 (53.8%) 342 (52.6%)  
 Male 511 (48.3%) 118 (52.4%) 85 (46.2%) 308 (47.4%)  
TOTAL 1059 (100%) 225 (100%) 184 (100%) 650 (100%)  
Training stage      <.001
 Medical School Year 1 285 (27.5%) 24 (11.2%) 55 (31.1%) 206 (32.0%)  
 Medical School Year 2 209 (20.2%) 26 (12.1%) 40 (22.6%) 143 (22.2%)  
 Medical School Year 3 196 (18.9%) 22 (10.2%) 38 (21.5%) 136 (21.1%)  
 Medical School Year 4 209 (20.2%) 21 (9.8%) 43 (24.3%) 145 (22.5%)  
 Graduate School Year 1 36 (3.5%) 25 (11.6%) 1 (0.6%) 10 (1.6%)  
 Graduate School Year 2 37 (3.6%) 35 (16.3%) 0 (−-) 2 (0.3%)  
 Graduate School Year 3 28 (2.7%) 27 (12.6%) 0 (−-) 1 (0.2%)  
 Graduate School Year 4 22 (2.1%) 21 (9.8%) 0 (−-) 1 (0.2%)  
 Graduate School Year 5 or more 14 (1.4%) 14 (6.5%) 0 (−-) 0 (−-)  
TOTAL 1036 (100%) 215 (100%) 177 (100%) 644 (100%)  
Race     >.05
 White 633 (60.5%) 138 (61.1%) 101 (55.5%) 394 (61.8%)  
 Black or African American 71 (6.8%) 15 (6.6%) 15 (8.2%) 41 (6.4%)  
 American Indian or Alaska Native 4 (0.4%) 0 (−-) 0 (−-) 4 (0.6%)  
 Asian or Pacific Islander 228 (21.8%) 52 (23.0%) 42 (23.1%) 134 (21.0%)  
 Multi-racial or Other 78 (7.5%) 15 (6.6%) 17(9.3%) 46 (7.2%)  
 Prefer not to answer 32 (3.1%) 6 (2.7%) 7 (3.8%) 19 (3.0%)  
TOTAL 1046 (100%) 226 (100%) 182 (100%) 638 (100%)  
Ethnicity     <.01
 Hispanic 97 (9.2%) 8 (3.5%) 24 (13.0%) 65 (10.1%)  
 Not Hispanic 958 (90.8%) 218 (96.5%) 160 (87.0%) 580 (89.9%)  
TOTAL 1055 (100%) 226 (100%) 184 (100%) 645 (100%)  
Marital Status     <.001
 Is married/partnered 226 (22.0%) 73 (32.6%) 33 (17.9%) 120 (19.4%)  
 Is NOT married/partnered 799 (78.0%) 151 (67.4%) 151 (82.1%) 497 (80.6%)  
TOTAL 1025 (100%) 224 (100%) 184 (100%) 617 (100%)  
Parental Status      >.05
 Has a child/children (of 1025) 37 (3.6%) 14 (6.3%) 5 (2.7%) 18 (2.9%)  
 Does NOT have a child/children 988 (96.4%) 210 (93.8%) 179 (97.3%) 599 (97.1%)  
TOTAL 1025 (100%) 224 (100%) 184 (100%) 617 (100%)  
  Total, n (% of 1103) MD/PhD, n (% of 226) MD-RI,
n (% of 184)
MD, n (% of 693) P value
Advanced degree of mothera
 MD or DO 172 (15.6%) 46 (20.4%) 37 (20.1%) 89 (12.8%) <.01
 DDS 4 (0.4%) 1 (0.4%) 1 (0.5%) 2 (0.3%) >.05b
 PhD 32 (2.9%) 7 (3.1%) 5 (2.7%) 20 (2.9%) >.05
 JD 7 (0.6%) 0 (−-) 2 (1.1%) 5 (0.7%) >.05b
 DVM 203 (18.4%) 49 (21.7%) 42 (22.8%) 112 (16.2%) <.05
 Master’s 88 (8.0%) 11 (4.9%) 12 (6.5%) 65 (9.4%) >.05
Area of medicine mother works ina     
 Academia 35 (3.2%) 6 (2.7%) 10 (5.4%) 19 (2.7%) >.05
 Private practice 58 (5.3%) 16 (7.1%) 12 (6.5%) 30 (4.3%) >.05
 Consulting 4 (0.4%) 1 (0.4%) 1 (0.5%) 2 (0.3%) >.05b
 Industry 3 (0.3%) 1 (0.4%) 0 (−-) 2 (0.3%) >.05b
Advanced degree of fathera
 MD or DO 341 (30.9%) 84 (37.2%) 68 (37.0%) 189 (27.3%) <.01
 DDS 14 (1.3%) 3 (1.3%) 1 (0.5%) 10 (1.4%) >.05
 PhD 89 (8.1%) 15 (6.6%) 10 (5.4%) 64 (9.2%) >.05
 JD 12 (1.1%) 1 (0.4%) 2 (1.1%) 9 (1.3%) >.05
 DVM 188 (17.0%) 53 (23.5%) 33 (17.9%) 102 (14.7%) <.05
 Master’s 59 (5.3%) 6 (2.7%) 13 (7.1%) 40 (5.8%) >.05
Area of medicine father works ina
 Academia 86 (7.8%) 21 (9.3%) 23 (12.5%) 42 (6.1%) <.05
 Private practice 129 (11.7%) 21 (9.3%) 23 (12.5%) 85 (12.3%) >.05
 Consulting 11 (1.0%) 1 (0.4%) 1 (0.5%) 9 (1.3%) >.05b
 Industry 12 (1.1%) 2 (0.9%) 2 (1.1%) 8 (1.2%) >.05b
How primarily paid for medical schoola
 MD-PhD or DO-PhD sponsored 226 (20.5%) 226 (100%) 0 (−-) 0 (−-) <.001
 Scholarships 327 (29.6%) 7 (3.1%) 81 (44.0%) 239 (34.5%) <.001
 Grants 185 (16.8%) 16 (7.1%) 42 (22.8%) 127 (18.3%) <.001
 Loans 636 (57.7%) 17 (7.5%) 133 (72.3%) 486 (70.1%) <.001
 National Service 15 (1.4%) 0 (−-) 3 (1.6%) 12 (1.7%) >.05b
 Personal Savings 124 (11.2%) 5 (2.2%) 24 (13.0%) 95 (13.7%) <.001
 Family/partner Support 302 (27.4%) 5 (2.2%) 75 (40.8%) 222 (32.0%) <.001
 Work 54 (4.9%) 1 (0.4%) 15 (8.2%) 38 (5.5%) <.01
 Work Study 7 (0.6%) 1 (0.4%) 2 (1.1%) 4 (0.6%) >.05b
  1. aRespondents could select all applicable choices, will not sum to 100%
  2. bFisher’s Exact calculated due to minimum cell count violations
  3. bolded are statistically significant