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Table 4 Univariate analysis for 'overload' ("frenetic" subtype), 'lack of development' ("underchallenged" subtype), and 'neglect' ("worn-out" subtype)

From: Burnout syndrome among dental students: a short version of the "Burnout Clinical Subtype Questionnaire" adapted for students (BCSQ-12-SS)

  Overload Lack of development Neglect
Factor high score
(%)
low score
(%)
raw OR
(95% CI)
p high score
(%)
low score
(%)
raw OR
(95% CI)
p high score
(%)
low score
(%)
raw OR
(95% CI)
p
Age (years)             
   < 20 23 (21.11) 86 (78.90) ref.   27 (24.77) 82 (75.23) ref.   23 (21.10) 86 (78.90) ref.  
   20-22 28 (24.14) 88 (75.86) 1.19 (0.64-2.23) 0.587 28 (24.14) 88 (75.86) 0.97 (0.53-1.78) 0.912 17 (14.78) 98 (85.22) 0.65 (0.33-1.29) 0.219
   > 22 20 (22.73) 68 (77.27) 1.10 (0.56-2.17) 0.784 18 (20.45) 70 (79.55) 0.78 (0.40-1.54) 0.474 27 (31.03) 60 (68.97) 1.68 (0.88-3.21) 0.115
Gender             
   male 17 (18.48) 75 (81.52) ref.   27 (29.35) 65 (70.65) ref.   16 (17.58) 75 (82.42) ref.  
   female 54 (24.32) 168 (75.68) 1.42 (0.77-2.61) 0.260 47 (21.17) 175 (78.83) 0.65 (0.37-1.12) 0.122 52 (23.53) 169 (76.47) 1.44 (0.77-2.69) 0.249
Stable relationship             
   yes 42 (27.10) 113 (72.90) ref.   35 (22.58) 120 (77.42) ref.   34 (21.94) 121 (78.06) ref.  
   no 28 (17.72) 130 (82.28) 0.58 (0.34-0.99) 0.047 38 (24.05) 120 (75.95) 1.09 (0.64-1.83) 0.759 33 (21.15) 123 (78.85) 0.96 (0.56-1.64) 0.867
Children             
   none 65 (21.67) 235 (78.33) ref.   72 (24.00) 228 (76.00) ref.   65 (21.81) 233 (78.19) ref.  
   1 or more 6 (42.86) 8 (57.14) 2.71 (0.91-8.09) 0.064 2 (12.29) 12 (85.71) 0.53 (0.12-2.41) 0.410 3 (41.43) 11 (78.57) 0.98 (0.27-3.61) 0.973
Campus             
   Huesca 33 (27.73) 86 (72.27) ref.   19 (16.97) 100 (84.03) ref.   22 (18.80) 95 (81.20) ref.  
   Santiago 38 (19.49) 157 (80.51) 0.63 (0.37-1.08) 0.090 55 (28.21) 140 (71.79) 2.07 (1.16-3.70) 0.013 46 (23.59) 149 (76.41) 1.33 (0.75-2.36) 0.322
Distance from family home (Km)             
   < 75 20 (18.18) 90 (81.82) ref.   30 (27.27) 80 (72.73) ref.   26 (23.64) 84 (76.36) ref.  
   75-150 29 (28.16) 74 (71.84) 1.76 (0.92-3.37) 0.086 24 (23.30) 79 (76.70) 0.81 (0.44-1.51) 0.506 22 (21.57) 80 (78.43) 0.89 (0.47-1.69) 0.719
   > 150 22 (22.22) 77 (77.78) 1.29 (0.65-2.53) 0.467 20 (20.20) 79 (79.80) 0.66 (0.35-1.29) 0.233 20 (20.41) 78 (79.59) 0.83 (0.43-1.60) 0.576
Dwelling             
   with parents 5 (13.16) 33 (86.84) ref.   13 (34.21) 25 (65.79) ref.   11(29.73) 26 (70.27) ref.  
   college 14 (28.00) 36 (72.00) 2.57 (0.83-7.91) 0.101 8 (16.00) 42 (84.00) 0.37 (0.13-1.01) 0.051 8 (16.00) 42 (84.00) 0.45 (0.16-1.27) 0.130
   Shared flat 36 (19.67) 147 (80.33) 1.62 (0.59-4.43) 0.351 41 (22.40) 142 (77.60) 0.56 (0.26-1.18) 0.127 40 (22.98) 142 (78.02) 0.67 (0.30-1.46) 0.311
   Flat without sharing 16 (38.10) 26 (61.91) 4.06 (1.32-12.55) 0.015 11 (26.19) 31 (73.81) 0.68 (0.26-1.78) 0.435 9 (21.43) 33 (78.57) 0.65 (0.23-1.79) 0.399
Scholarship             
   yes 26 (22.61) 89 (77.39) ref.   34 (29.57) 81 (70.43) ref.   32 (28.07) 82 (71.93) ref.  
   no 45 (22.61) 154 (77.39) 1.00 (0.58-1.73) 0.999 40 (20.10) 159 (79.90) 0.60 (0.35-1.02) 0.057 36 (18.18) 162 (81.82) 0.57 (0.33-0.98) 0.043
Family support             
   insufficient 3 (15.00) 17 (85.00) ref.   5 (25.00) 15 (75.00) ref.   5 (25.00) 15 (75.00) ref.  
   good 24 (32.43) 50 (67.57) 2.72 (0.73-10.19) 0.137 21(28.38) 53 (71.62) 1.19 (0.38-3.68) 0.765 14 (18.92) 60 (81.08) 0.70 (0.22-2.25) 0.549
   very good 44 (20.00) 176 (80.00) 1.42 (0.40-5.05) 0.591 48 (21.82) 172 (78.18) 0.84 (0.29-2.42) 0.743 59 (22.48) 169 (77.52) 0.87 (0.30-2.51) 0.797
Studying time (hours/week)             
   < 30 15 (11.54) 115 (88.46) ref.   29 (22.31) 101 (77.70) ref.   33 (25.78) 96 (74.22) ref.  
   30-40 21 (27.63) 55 (72.37) 2.93 (1.40-6.11) 0.004 23 (30.26) 53 (69.74) 1.51 (0.80-2.87) 0.206 16 (21.05) 60 (78.95) 0.77 (0.39-1.51) 0.445
   > 40 33 (32.67) 68 (67.33) 3.72 (1.86-7.34) < 0.001 20 (19.80) 81 (80.20) 0.86 (0.45-1.63) 0.644 17 (16.83) 84 (83.17) 0.58 (0.30-1.12) 0.106
Failed Subjects             
   no 49 (24.62) 50 (75.38) ref.   40 (20.10) 159 (79.90) ref.   34 (17.09) 165 (82.91) ref.  
   one 17 (23.61) 55 (76.39) 0.95 (0.50-1.78) 0.864 22 (30.56) 50 (69.44) 1.75 (0.95-3.22) 0.072 21 (30.00) 49 (70.00) 2.08 (1.11-3.91) 0.023
   two or more 3 (13.64) 19 (86.36) 0.48 (0.14-1.70) 0.258 7 (31.82) 15 (68.18) 1.86 (0.71-4.85) 0.208 9 (40.91) 13 (59.09) 3.36 (1.33-8.49) 0.010
Work (hours/week)             
   yes 13 (27.08) 35 (72.92) ref.   10 (20.83) 38 (79.17) ref.   14 (29.17) 34 (70.83) ref.  
   no 58 (21.89) 207 (78.11) 0.75 (0.38-1.52) 0.430 64 (24.15) 201 (75.85) 1.21 (0.57-2.57) 0.619 54 (20.53) 209 (79.47) 0.63 (0.32-1.25) 0.186
School Year             
   first 16 (26.23) 45 (73.78) ref.   16 (26.23) 45 (73.77) ref.   17 (28.33) 43 (71.67) ref.  
   second 14 (22.22) 49 (77.78) 0.80 (0.35-1.83) 0.603 11 (17.46) 52 (82.54) 0.60 (0.25-1.41) 0.239 12 (19.05) 51 (81.95) 0.60 (0.26-1.38) 0.228
   third 21 (35.00) 39 (65.00) 1.51 (0.70-3.30) 0.296 15 (25.00) 45 (75.00) 0.94 (0.41-2.12) 0.877 14 (23.33) 46 (76.67) 0.77 (0.34-1.75) 0.532
   fourth 12 (17.39) 57 (82.61) 0.59 (0.25-1.38) 0.224 15 (21.74) 54 (78.26) 0.78 (0.35-1.75) 0.549 11 (16.18) 57 (83.82) 0.49 (0.21-1.15) 0.100
   fifth 7 (11.67) 53 (88.33) 0.37 (0.14-0.98) 0.046 16 (26.67) 44 (73.33) 1.02 (0.46-2.29) 0.957 13 (21.67) 47 (78.33) 0.70 (0.30-1.61) 0.400
  1. % refers to the percentage in each step. Raw OR: Odds Ratio resulting from bivariate analysis. CI: confidence interval. Ref. = reference category. 'High score' implies scores higher than the upper quartile of the scores observed in the sample', 'low score' implies scores lower than or equal to the upper quartile.